Vol.127, No.2, 2021, pp.437-468, doi:10.32604/cmes.2021.014690
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ARTICLE
Laminar and Turbulent Characteristics of the Acoustic/Fluid Dynamics Interactions in a Slender Simulated Solid Rocket Motor Chamber
  • Abdelkarim Hegab*, Faisal Albatati, Mohammed Algarni
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering at Rabigh, King Abdulaziz University, Rabigh, 21911, Saudi Arabia
* Corresponding Author: Abdelkarim Hegab. Email:
Received 20 October 2020; Accepted 07 January 2021; Issue published 19 April 2021
Abstract
In this paper, analytical, computational, and experimental studies are integrated to examine unsteady acoustic/vorticity transport phenomena in a solid rocket motor chamber with end-wall disturbance and side-wall injection. Acoustic-fluid dynamic interactions across the chamber may generate intense unsteady vorticity with associated shear stresses. These stresses may cause scouring and, in turn, enhance the heat rate and erosional burning of solid propellant in a real rocket chamber. In this modelling, the unsteady propellant gasification is mimicked by steady-state flow disturbed by end-wall oscillations. The analytical approach is formulated using an asymptotic technique to reduce the full governing equations. The equations that arise from the analysis possess wave properties are solved in an initial-boundary value sense. The numerical study is performed by solving the parabolized Navier–Stokes equations for the DNS simulation and unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes equations along with the energy equation using the control volume approach based on a staggered grid system with the turbulence modelling. The v2-f turbulence model has been implemented. The results show that an unexpectedly large amplitude of unsteady vorticity is generated at the injection side-wall of the chamber and is then penetrated downstream by the bulk motion of the internal flow. These stresses may cause a scouring effect and large transient heat transfer on the combustion surface. A comparison between the analytical, computational, and experimental results is performed.
Keywords
Acoustic waves; solid rocket motor chamber; sidewall injection; perturbation analysis; acoustic instability; turbulence models manuscript
Cite This Article
Hegab, A., Albatati, F., Algarni, M. (2021). Laminar and Turbulent Characteristics of the Acoustic/Fluid Dynamics Interactions in a Slender Simulated Solid Rocket Motor Chamber. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 127(2), 437–468.
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