Vol.126, No.2, 2021, pp.739-754, doi:10.32604/cmes.2021.014027
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
An Efficient Algorithm Based on Spectrum Migration for High Frame Rate Ultrasound Imaging
  • Shuai Feng1, Liu Jin1, Yadan Wang1, Wei Zhao1,2, Hu Peng1,*, Heyuan Qiao1
1 Department of Biomedical Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei, 230009, China
2 Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, 241001, China
* Corresponding Author: Hu Peng. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Computer Methods in Bio-mechanics and Biomedical Engineering)
Received 29 August 2020; Accepted 20 October 2020; Issue published 21 January 2021
Abstract
The high frame rate (HFR) imaging technique requires only one emission event for imaging. Therefore, it can achieve ultrafast imaging with frame rates up to the kHz regime, which satisfies the frame rate requirements for imaging moving tissues in scientific research and clinics. Lu’s Fourier migration method is based on a non-diffraction beam to obtain HFR images and can improve computational speed and efficiency. However, in order to obtain high-quality images, Fourier migration needs to make full use of the spectrum of echo signals for imaging, which requires a large number of Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) points and increases the complexity of the hardware when the echo frequency is high. Here, an efficient algorithm using the spectrum migration technique based on the spectrum’s distribution characteristics is proposed to improve the imaging efficiency in HFR imaging. Since the actual echo signal spectrum is of limited bandwidth, low-frequency and high-frequency parts with low-energy have little contribution to the imaging spectrum. We transform the effective part that provides the main energy in the signal spectrum to the imaging spectrum while the ineffective spectrum components are not utilized for imaging. This can significantly reduce the number of Fourier transform points, improve Fourier imaging efficiency, and ensure the imaging quality. The proposed method is evaluated on simulated and experimental datasets. Results demonstrated that the proposed method could achieve equivalent image quality with a reduced point number for FFT compared to the complete spectrum migration. In this paper, it only requires a quarter of the FFT points used in the complete spectrum migration, which can improve the computational efficiency; thus, it is more suitable for real-time data processing. The proposed spectrum migration method has a specific significance for the study and clinical application of HFR imaging.
Keywords
High frame rate imaging; spectrum migration; Fourier migration
Cite This Article
Feng, S., Jin, L., Wang, Y., Zhao, W., Peng, H. et al. (2021). An Efficient Algorithm Based on Spectrum Migration for High Frame Rate Ultrasound Imaging. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 126(2), 739–754.
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