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Finite Element Investigation of Flow Field Below Asymmetric Drill Bits for Reverse Circulation in Drilling Tight Oil and Gas Reservoirs

Yi Luo1,*, Erxiu Shi2, Yin Feng2, Boyun Guo2, Liehui Zhang1
1 State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu, China.
2 University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, LA, USA.
* Corresponding Author: Yi Luo. Email: luoyi495215232@126.com.

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2019, 121(1), 105-122. https://doi.org/10.32604/cmes.2019.06500

Abstract

Development of unconventional tight oil and gas reservoirs such as shale pays presents a huge challenge to the petroleum industry due to the naturally low permeability of shale formations and thus low productivity of oil and gas wells. Shale formations are also vulnerable to the contamination of the water in the drilling and completion fluids, which further reduces reservoir permeability. Although gas-drilling (drilling with gas) has been used to address the issue, several problems such as formation water influx, wellbore collapse, excessive gas volume requirement and hole cleaning in horizontal drilling, still hinder its application. A new technique called gas-lift drilling has recently been proposed to solve these problems, but the optimal design of drilling operation requires a thorough investigation of fluid flow field below the asymmetric drill bits for evaluating the fluid power needed to clean the bottom hole. Such an investigation is conducted in this work based on the Finite Element Method (FEM) implemented in an open source computational framework, FEniCS. Pressure and flow velocity fields were computed for three designs of drill bit face characterized by radial bit blades and one eccentric orifice of discharge. One of the designs is found superior over the other two because it generates relatively uniform flow velocities between blades and provides a balanced fluid power needed to clean all the bit teeth on each bit blade. To quantify the capability of borehole cleanup presented by three drill bit designs, the energy per unit volume is calculated in each region of drill bit and compared with the required value suggested by the literature. In addition, the developed FEM model under FEniCS framework provides engineers an accurate tool for optimizing drill bit design for efficiently gas-lift drilling unconventional tight oil and gas reservoirs.

Keywords

Gas-lift drilling, reverse circulation, unconventional reservoirs, bit design

Cite This Article

Luo, Y., Shi, E., Feng, Y., Guo, B., Zhang, L. (2019). Finite Element Investigation of Flow Field Below Asymmetric Drill Bits for Reverse Circulation in Drilling Tight Oil and Gas Reservoirs. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 121(1), 105–122.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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