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An Improved Technique to Generate RogueWaves in Random Sea

Jinghua Wang1, S Yan1, Q.W. Ma1,2
School of Mathematics, Computer Sciences and Engineering, City University London, EC1V 0HB.
Corresponding author. E-mail:

Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences 2015, 106(4), 263-289.


This paper presents an improved technique to generate rogue (freak) waves embedded in random sea based on the approach proposed by Kribel and Alsina (2000). In this method, a part of the wave energy is focused using the temporal-spatial focusing approach to generate an extreme transient wave and the rest behaves randomly. By introducing a correction term, the improved technique removes the spurious fluctuations of the spectra in the existing approach. Various effects of the correction are investigated numerically by using the second-order wave theory and two existing numerical. methods based on the fully nonlinear potential theory (FNPT), including the improved Spectral Boundary Integral (SBI) method and the Quasi Arbitrary Lagrangian- Eulerian Finite Element Method (QALE-FEM). The discussions are mainly focused on (1) the effectiveness of the correction on retaining the features of the specified wave spectrum; and (2) the effects of the correction on the probability of the maximum wave heights.


Rogue waves, random sea, 2nd order wave theory, FNPT, improved SBI, QALE-FEM.

Cite This Article

Wang, J., Yan, S., Ma, Q. (2015). An Improved Technique to Generate RogueWaves in Random Sea. CMES-Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, 106(4), 263–289.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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