Reduced Order Machine Learning Finite Element Methods: Concept, Implementation, and Future Applications
  • Ye Lu1, Hengyang Li1, Sourav Saha2, Satyajit Mojumder2, Abdullah Al Amin1, Derick Suarez1, Yingjian Liu3, Dong Qian3and Wing Kam Liu1,*
1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, 60208, USA
2Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, Northwestern University, Evanston, 60208, USA
3Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, 75080, USA
*Corresponding Author: Wing Kam Liu. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue:Advances in Computational Mechanics and Optimization
To celebrate the 95th birthday of Professor Karl Stark Pister
Received 01 June 2021; Accepted 08 July 2021 ; Published online 14 September 2021
This paper presents the concept of reduced order machine learning finite element (FE) method. In particular, we propose an example of such method, the proper generalized decomposition (PGD) reduced hierarchical deeplearning neural networks (HiDeNN), called HiDeNN-PGD. We described first the HiDeNN interface seamlessly with the current commercial and open source FE codes. The proposed reduced order method can reduce significantly the degrees of freedom for machine learning and physics based modeling and is able to deal with high dimensional problems. This method is found more accurate than conventional finite element methods with a small portion of degrees of freedom. Different potential applications of the method, including topology optimization, multi-scale and multi-physics material modeling, and additive manufacturing, will be discussed in the paper.
Machine learning; model reduction; HiDeNN-PGD; topology optimization; multi-scale modeling; additive manufacturing