Stability Control of Gob-Side Entry Retaining in Fully Mechanized Caving Face Based on a Compatible Deformation Model
  • Xinshuai Shi1, Hongwen Jing1, *, Jianguo Ning2, Zhenlong Zhao1, Junfu Zhu1
1 State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, 221116, China.
2 College of Mining and Safety Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, 266510, China.
* Corresponding Author: Hongwen Jing. Email: hongwenjingcumt@126.com.
(This article belongs to this Special Issue:Modeling and Simulation of Fluid flows in Fractured Porous Media: Current Trends and Prospects)
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Abstract
The stability control of gob-side entry retaining in fully mechanized caving face is a typical challenge in many coal mines in China. The rotation and subsidence of the lateral cantilever play a critical role in a coal mine, possibly leading to instability in a coal seam wall or a gob-side wall due to its excessive rotation subsidence. Hence, the presplitting blasting measures in the roof was implemented to cut down the lower main roof and convert it to caved immediate roof strata, which can significantly reduce the rotation space for the lateral cantilever and effectively control its rotation. Firstly, the compatible deformation model was established to investigate the quantitative relationship between the deformation of the coal seam wall and the gob-side wall and the subsidence of the lateral cantilever. Then, the instability judgments for the coal seam wall and gob-side wall were revealed, and the determination method for the optimal roof cutting height were obtained. Furthermore, The Universal Distinct Element Code numerical simulation was adopted to investigate the effect of roof-cutting height on the stability of the retained entry. The numerical simulation results indicated that the deformation of the roadway could be effectively controlled when the roofcutting height reached to 18 m, which verified the theoretical deduction well. Finally, a field application was performed at the No. 3307 haulage gateway in the Tangan coal mine, Ltd., Shanxi Province, China. The field monitoring results showed that the blasting roof cutting method could effectively control the large deformation of surrounding rocks, which provided helpful references for coal mine safety production under similar conditions.
Keywords
Gob-side entry retaining, fully mechanized caving face, lateral cantilever, compatible deformation model, the optimal roof cutting height.