Fast Single Image Haze Removal Method for Inhomogeneous Environment Using Variable Scattering Coefficient
  • Rashmi Gupta1, Manju Khari1, Vipul Gupta1, Elena Verdú2, Xing Wu3, Enrique Herrera-Viedma4, Rubén González Crespo2,*
1 Ambedkar Institute of Advanced Communication Technologies and Research, New Delhi, 110031, India
2 Escuela Superior de Ingeniería y Tecnología, Universidad Internacional de La Rioja, Logroño, 26006, Spain
3 School of Computer Engineering and Science, Shanghai University, Shanghai, 200444, China
4 Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenierías Informática y de Telecomunicación, Universidad de Granada, Granada, 18071, Spain
* Corresponding Author: Rubén González Crespo. Email:
(This article belongs to this Special Issue:Security Enhancement of Image Recognition System in IoT based Smart Cities)
The images capture in a bad environment usually loses its fidelity and contrast. As the light rays travel towards its destination they get scattered several times due to the tiny particles of fog and pollutants in the environment, therefore the energy gets lost due to multiple scattering till it arrives its destination, and this degrades the images. So the images taken in bad weather appear in bad quality. Therefore, single image haze removal is quite a bit tough task. Significant research has been done in the haze removal algorithm but in all the techniques, the coefficient of scattering is taken as a constant according to the homogeneous atmosphere but in real time this does not happen. Therefore, this paper introduces a simple and efficient method so that the scattering coefficient becomes variable according to the inhomogeneous environment. Then, this research aims to remove the haze with the help of a fast and effective algorithm i.e., Prior Color Fading, according to the inhomogeneous environmental properties. Thereby, to filter the depth map, the authors used a weighted guided image filtering which removes the drawbacks of guided image filter. Afterwards the scattering coefficient is made variable according to the inhomogeneous atmosphere and then the Simple Color Balance Algorithm is applied so that the readability property of images can be increased. The proposed method tested on various general outdoor images and synthetic hazy images and analyzed on various parameters Mean Square Error (MSE), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), Peak Signal to Noise Ratio (PSNR), Mean Structural Similarity (MSSIM) and the Universal Objective Quality Index (UQI). Experimental results for the proposed method show that the proposed approach provides better results as compared to the state-of-the-art haze removal algorithms.
Image dehazing; scattering coefficient; simple color balance; inhomogeneous environment