• Mid-Term Outcome of Surgical Treatment in Pediatric Patients with Ebstein’s Anomaly: A Single-Center Cohort Study
  • Abstract Background: Ebstein’s anomaly (EA) is a malformation of the tricuspid valve (TV) and myopathy of the right ventricle (RV). Surgery is now the main treatment for the defect. Objective: To summarize our surgical results and experience based on patients with EA who were under 7 years of age and treated with different surgical treatments. Design: Single-center cohort study of Ebstein’s anomaly. Setting: China. Participants: 80 patients under 7 years old who were diagnosed of EA and underwent different surgical treatments were consecutively enrolled in our research from January 2010 to December 2019. Results: The median age of the 80 patients… More
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  • Causes of Death after Congenital Heart Surgery in Children
  • Abstract Background: This retrospective cohort study aimed to explore the causes of death in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) after cardiac surgery in one of the biggest cardiac centers for children with CHD in China. Methods: A total of 26,856 children undergoing cardiac surgery from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2019 were included. Based on the clinical data, the causes of death were divided into ten categories and further compared among different periods, types of CHD and surgical procedures. Results: Of all patients, 513 (1.9%) died (median age 162 d, median weight 5.6 kg). The mortality in 2016–2019 was… More
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  • Acquired Coronary Artery Disease in Patients with Congenital Heart Disease: Issues in Diagnosis and Management
  • Abstract Objective: Acquired coronary artery disease, initially thought to rarely affect survivors of congenital heart disease, is increasingly recognized in this population, as these patients grow in age and numbers in the recent era. This study reports our experience with coronary artery disease in adults with congenital heart disease and discusses treatment issues and the existing literature. Methods: Retrospective review of all charts of adults with congenital heart disease and acquired coronary artery disease was performed. Patients’ clinical characteristics, diagnosis, risk factors, noninvasive and invasive imaging and management data were recorded. Results: Coronary artery disease was diagnosed at 35–70 of age… More
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  • Risk Factor Analysis for Shunt Failure after Systemic Pulmonary Shunt
  • Abstract Background: To identify factors associated with shunt failure in patients with a systemic pulmonary shunt (SPS). Methods: We retrospectively assessed 451 patients who received SPS. Perioperative parameters such as hemoglobin, Nakata Index, and shunt size were assessed, and factors influencing shunt failure after an initial palliative shunt operation were analyzed. Results: We analyzed 451 patients who underwent isolated SPS surgery at Anzhen Hospital. Of these, shunt failure occurred in 48 (10.6%) cases after a median of 6.5 days. The 30-day mortality rate was 2.1%. Univariate and logistic regression analysis revealed that a Nakata Index ≤ 105 and vasoactive-inotropic score (VIS)… More
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  • Percutaneous Closure of Patent Foramen Ovale and Secundum Atrial Septal Defects with the GORE® CARDIOFORM Septal Occluder: Incidence and Implications of Device Wire Frame Fracture
  • Abstract Background: Trans-catheter closure has become the treatment of choice for patent foramen ovale (PFO) and ostium secundum atrial septal defects (ASD). A wide variety of devices are commercially available, however, concerns have been raised about the risk of cardiac erosion associated with stiff/rigid devices. The GORE® CARDIOFORM Septal Occluder (GSO) is a double-disc, soft and conformable device with no reported incidence of cardiac erosions. However, wire frame fracture (WFF) have been reported. Aim: To assess the incidence and clinical significance of WFF after GSO implantation in paediatric patients. Methods: Seventy-seven consecutive patients were enrolled. Periprocedural and follow-up assessments included clinical,… More
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  • Severe Right Ventricular Dysplasia with Absent Pulmonary Valve Syndrome and Tricuspid Atresia: A Literature Review
  • Abstract This is a newborn male prenatally diagnosed with severe right ventricular (RV) hypertrophy and depressed function, aneurysmal dilation of the main pulmonary artery and tachyarrhythmia. Postnatally, he required immediate intubation and inotropic support. Echocardiogram revealed a large dysplastic RV, absent pulmonary valve syndrome (APVS), markedly dilated pulmonary arteries and tricuspid atresia (TA). The trabecular portion of the RV was excessively trabeculated and severely dilated. Inflow and infundibular walls were thin, with multiple infundibular aneurysms. There was APVS with free regurgitation and massively dilated pulmonary arteries. The RV bulged into the LV, though there was no outflow tract obstruction. The LV… More
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