• Tannin Nanoparticles (NP99) Enhances the Anticancer Effect of Tamoxifen on ER+ Breast Cancer Cells
  • Abstract Recently, natural substances in the form of nanoparticles are increasingly being used in different field, particularly in medicines to enhance their beneficial effects in treatment and prevention. Cancer cells of the breast (MCF-7) have been chosen to be examined and treated in vitro with conventional drug Tamoxifen (Tam) and tannin nanoparticles extract (NP99) individually or in combination. MTT reagent has been applied to assess the cell viability and propagation percentage, DNA fragmentation and mRNA relative expression of apoptotic genes to study the cell death pathway. The results showed that Tam and tannin NP99 triggered cytotoxic activity towards the MCF-7 cell.… More
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  • The Arrangement and Size of Cellulose Microfibril Aggregates in the Cell Walls of Sclerenchyma Fibers and Parenchyma Tissue in Bamboo
  • Abstract Understanding the assembly and spatial arrangement of bamboo cell wall components is crucial for its optimal utilization. Bamboo cell walls consist of aggregates of cellulose microfibrils and matrix. In the present study, the size and arrangement of cellulose microfibril aggregates in the cell walls of sclerenchyma fibers and parenchyma cells in moso bamboo were investigated with NMR and FE-SEM. The NMR measurement showed that the characteristic sizes of the microfibril aggregates of fibers and parenchyma cells were approximately 25.8 nm and 18.8 nm, respectively. Furthermore, high-resolution SEM showed the size of microfibril aggregates varied little across the cell wall of… More
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  • An α-Fe2O3/Circulating Fluidized Bed Fly Ash Based Geopolymer Composite Anode for Electrocatalytic Degradation of Indigo Carmine Dye Wastewater
  • Abstract Geopolymers have been developed to various catalysts due to their advantages. However, low conductivity restricts their application in the electrocatalysis field. In this study, an α-Fe2O3/circulating fluidized bed fly ash based geopolymer (CFAG) composite anode was fabricated using a facile dip-coating method by loading α-Fe2O3 in the matrix of CFAG. The effects of α-Fe2O3 content on the composition, surface morphology and electrochemical performance of α-Fe2O3/CFAG composite anode were investigated. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) results demonstrated that α-Fe2O3 was successfully inlaid with the surface of amorphous CFAG matrix. The electrochemical measurements indicated that α-Fe2O3/CFAG composite anode… More
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  • Different Effects of Wet and Dry Grinding on the Activation of Iron Ore Tailings
  • Abstract Improving the activity of Iron Ore Tailings (IOTs) to utilize them as a mineral admixture in cement-based minerals is still challenging. In this paper, the wet grinding technology was employed to stimulate the activity of IOTs, and the traditional dry grinding method was used as a reference. The effect of wet grinding on the activation of IOTs was evaluated through ion leaching from an alkaline solution and the reactivity index. Additionally, a detailed comparison between Dry-grinding Iron Ore Tailings (DIOTs) and Wet-grinding Iron Ore Tailings (WIOTs) was made. This comparison was based on particle characteristics, crystal structures, chemical structure, and… More
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  • A Study of the Structural Evolution and Strength Damage Mechanisms of PishaSandstone Cement Soil Modified with Fly Ash
  • Abstract In the present study, in order to investigate the effects of fly ash on the structural evolution and strength damage mechanism of Pisha-sandstone cement soil, unconfined compressive strength tests of Pisha-sandstone cement soil with different fly ash content levels and various ages were carried out. The apparent morphology, microstructures, and chemical compositions of the samples were observed and analyzed using ultra-depth three-dimensional microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and XRD methods. The results revealed that the unconfined compressive strength levels of Pisha-sandstone cement soil samples displayed increasing trends with the increases in fly ash content and age. For example, when the fly… More
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  • Prediction of Mechanical Properties of Structural Bamboo and Its Relationship with Growth Parameters
  • Abstract Bamboo is a renewable natural building material with good mechanical properties. However, due to the heterogeneity and anisotropy of bamboo stalk, a large amount of material performance testing costs are required in engineering applications. In this work, longitudinal compression, bending, longitudinal shear, longitudinal tensile, transverse compression and transverse tensile tests of bamboo materials are conducted, considering the influence of the bamboo nodes. The mechanical properties of the whole bamboo stalk with the wall thickness and outer circumference are explored. Through univariate and multiple regression analysis, the relationship between mechanical properties and wall thickness and perimeter is fitted, and the conversion… More
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