• Mortality and Long-Term Outcome of Neonates with Congenital Heart Disease and Acute Perinatal Stroke: A Population-Based Case-Control Study
  • Abstract Objective: Neonates with congenital heart disease (CHD) and perinatal stroke have high mortality and survivors are at risk for poor long-term neurodevelopmental outcome. The aim of this study was to assess the risk factors and outcome of neonates with both CHD and MRI-confirmed perinatal stroke (Study Group) and compare those to the risk factors and outcome of infants matched for CHD without stroke (Control-1) and of infants matched for MRI-confirmed stroke without CHD (Control-2). Methods: We conducted a population-based case-control study enrolling 28 term neonates with CHD and MRI-confirmed acute perinatal stroke born between 2007–2017 in the Central-Hungarian Region. Each… More
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  • Congenital Coronary Artery Fistula in Children: A Review of 28 Cases with Clinical and Imaging Outcomes
  • Abstract Background: Congenital coronary artery fistula (CCAF) is a rare anomaly. Treatment strategies tend to close the defect with a symptomatic and significant shunt, primarily based on expert consensus and case series. Results for long-term follow-up in children are limited Methods: We conducted a retrospective study to assess clinical and imaging outcomes of children with CCAF at Siriraj Hospital, Thailand during 2000–2020. Patients with single ventricle were excluded. Treatment strategies [surgical closure (SC), and percutaneous closure (PC)] were classified and the clinical outcomes at the follow-up in 2021, including coronary thrombosis, myocardial ischemia, and the results of cardiovascular imaging were reviewed.… More
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  • Efficacy, Safety and Characteristics of the Amplatzer Vascular Plug II and IV Utilization for Various Percutaneous Occlusions in Children under 10 Years
  • Abstract Objectives: We aim to describe the efficacy, safety, and characteristics of the Amplatzer Vascular Plug (AVP) II and IV “off-label” use for multiple cardiovascular occlusions in children under 10 years. Methods: Observational retrospective multicenter (2007–2020, 6 centers) review of paediatric procedures using AVP II or IV. Results: A total of 125 children (49.6% aged ≤ 1 year, 147 lesions) underwent 136 successive procedures (success rate: 98.5%) using 169 devices (109 AVP IV, 60 AVP II). The mean device diameter was 7.7 ± 3.2 mm (4–20 mm). The median AVP size to vessel diameter ratio was 1.3 (0–2). The median age and weight… More
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  • Diagnostic Yield of Non-Invasive Testing in Patients with Anomalous Aortic Origin of Coronary Arteries: A Multicentric Experience
  • Abstract Background: Anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA) is a congenital heart disease with a 0.3%−0.5% prevalence. Diagnosis is challenging due to nonspecific clinical presentation. Risk stratification and treatment are currently based on expert consensus and single-center case series. Methods: Demographical and clinical data of AAOCA patients from 17 tertiary-care centers were analyzed. Diagnostic imaging studies (Bidimensional echocardiography, coronary computed tomography angiography [CCTA] were collected. Clinical correlations with anomalous coronary course and origin were evaluated. Results: Data from 239 patients (42% males, mean age 15 y) affected by AAOCA were collected; 154 had AAOCA involving the right coronary artery… More
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