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Displaying article 11-20 on page 2 of 6796. Results per page
  • Seismic Analysis of the Connections of Buried Segmented Pipes
  • Abstract Seismic analysis of buried pipes has been one study focus during the last decades, but the systematic seismic research of pipe connections, especially its relationship with the connected straight pipe, is nearly blank. On the basis, the influence of pipe connections on the joint deformations (JDs) of buried segmented pipes is analyzed in detail by considering different parameters, namely, connection shapes, ground conditions, pipe diameters, branch angles, seismic incident angles, and input ground motions. Moreover, an influence coefficient, which measures the influence of pipe connections on pipe JDs, is calculated. Results show that pipe connections can reduce the JDs of…
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  • Numerical Study of the Intensity Correlation between Secondary Flow and Heat Transfer of Circle Tube-Finned Heat Exchanger with Vortex Generators
  • Abstract The application of vortex generators in tube-finned heat exchangers is very universal. The vortex generators can generate secondary flow, and as we all know secondary flow can obviously strengthen heat transfer. To use vortex generators much more efficiently in the circle tube-finned heat exchangers, the intensity correlation study between secondary flow and heat transfer is needed. 22 different structures of circle tubefinned heat exchangers were numerically studied, including the plain fin cases and the cases with vortex generators. In addition, the influence of fin spacing, transverse and longitudinal tube pitch, heights and attack angle of vortex generators, positions of vortex…
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  • Numerical Study on the Leakage and Diffusion Characteristics of Low-Solubility and Low-Volatile Dangerous Chemicals from Ship in Inland Rivers
  • Abstract Considering the accidents of ships for dangerous chemicals transportation in inland rivers, a numerical method for the simulation of the leakage and diffusion processes of dangerous chemicals in inland rivers is proposed in this paper. Geographic information, such as rivers and buildings in the model, is obtained through Google Earth and structures of rivers and buildings are described by Auto CAD. In addition, the Fluent is adopted to simulate the leakage and diffusion processes of the dangerous chemicals where the standard k-ε model is used to calculate the turbulent flow. Considering the interaction between chemicals and water, the VOF method…
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  • Towards No-Reference Image Quality Assessment Based on Multi-Scale Convolutional Neural Network
  • Abstract Image quality assessment has become increasingly important in image quality monitoring and reliability assuring of image processing systems. Most of the existing no-reference image quality assessment methods mainly exploit the global information of image while ignoring vital local information. Actually, the introduced distortion depends on a slight difference in details between the distorted image and the non-distorted reference image. In light of this, we propose a no-reference image quality assessment method based on a multi-scale convolutional neural network, which integrates both global information and local information of an image. We first adopt the image pyramid method to generate four scale…
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  • Closed Solution for Initial Post-Buckling Behavior Analysis of a Composite Beam with Shear Deformation Effect
  • Abstract This paper is focused on the post-buckling behavior of the fixed laminated composite beams with effects of axial compression force and the shear deformation. The analytical solutions are established for the original control equations (that is not simplified) by applying the Maclaurin series expansion, Chebyshev polynomials, the harmonic balance method and the Newton’s method. The validity of the present method is verified via comparing the analytical approximate solutions with the numerical ones which are obtained by the shooting method. The present third analytical approximate solutions can give excellent agreement with the numerical solutions for a wide range of the deformation…
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  • Modeling and Simulation of Valve Cycle in Vein Using an Immersed Finite Element Method
  • Abstract A vein model was established to simulate the periodic characteristics of blood flow and valve deformation in blood-induced valve cycles. Using an immersed finite element method which was modified by a ghost fluid technique, the interaction between the vein and blood was simulated. With an independent solid solver, the contact force between vein tissues was calculated using an adhesive contact method. A benchmark simulation of the normal valve cycle validated the proposed model for a healthy vein. Both the opening orifice and blood flow rate agreed with those in the physiology. Low blood shear stress and maximum leaflet stress were…
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  • A Coupled Cavitation Model in an Oscillatory Oil Squeeze Film
  • Abstract In this paper, the oscillatory oil squeeze film is taken as a research object, and a coupled cavitation model based on the theory of bubble dynamics and hydrodynamic lubrication is used and a specific method of numerical calculation is given. Then the parallel-plate squeeze film test apparatus is used to validate the coupled cavitation model. The pictures of the cavitation were captured by a high-speed camera and then processed to obtain the variation of the cavitation area in experiments. Compared with the experimental results, the model can successfully predict the process of generation and development of cavitation. At the same…
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  • Effect Mechanisms of Hygrothermal Environments on Failure of Single-Lap and Double-Lap CFRP-Aluminum Bolted Joints
  • Abstract The high demands for load-carrying capability and structural efficiency of composite-metal bolted joints trigger in-depth investigations on failure mechanisms of the joints in hygrothermal environments. However, few studies have been presented to exhaustively reveal hygrothermal effects on the failure of CFRP-metal bolted joints, which differ from CFRP-CFRP or metal-metal bolted joints because of the remarkably different material properties of CFRPs and metals. In this paper, hygrothermal effects on tensile failures of single-lap and double-lap CFRP-aluminum bolted joints were experimentally and numerically investigated. A novel numerical model, in which a hygrothermal-included progressive damage model of composites was established and elastic-plastic models…
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  • Two-Layer Contact Nonlinear Mechanical Analysis of Flexible Drilling Tool in the Wellbore
  • Abstract The lack of research on flexible drilling tool leads to limited application of ultra-short radius horizontal wells. The flexible drilling tool is different from the conventional drilling tool. The flexible drilling pipe involves a mutual transition between the structure and the mechanism during the deformation process. At the same time, the flexible drilling pipe and the eccentric guide tube, the guide tube and the wellbore generate random contact. In this paper, 3-D beam elements, universal joint elements, rigid beam elements and the beam-beam contact elements are combined to establish a two-layer contact nonlinear finite element model of the flexible drilling…
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  • Simulation of Daily Diffuse Solar Radiation Based on Three Machine Learning Models
  • Abstract Solar radiation is an important parameter in the fields of computer modeling, engineering technology and energy development. This paper evaluated the ability of three machine learning models, i.e., Extreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost), Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines (MARS), to estimate the daily diffuse solar radiation (Rd). The regular meteorological data of 1966-2015 at five stations in China were taken as the input parameters (including mean average temperature (Ta), theoretical sunshine duration (N), actual sunshine duration (n), daily average air relative humidity (RH), and extra-terrestrial solar radiation (Ra)). And their estimation accuracies were subjected to comparative analysis.…
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