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  • Finite Element Model Updating for Structural Health Monitoring
  • Abstract This paper provides a model updating approach to detect, locate, and characterize damage in structural and mechanical systems by examining changes in measured vibration responses. Research in vibration-based damage identification has been rapidly expanding over the last few decades. The basic idea behind this technology is that modal parameters (notably frequencies, mode shapes, and modal damping) are functions of the physical properties of the structure (mass, damping, and stiffness). Therefore, changes in the physical properties will cause changes in the modal properties which could be obtained by structural health monitoring (SHM). Updating is a process fraught with numerical difficulties. These…
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  • Integrity Analysis on Existing Crane Runway Girders with Defects Using Constraint-Based R6 Criterion
  • Abstract In order to resolve the safety problem of the existing crane runway girders (CRGs) with defects, the constraint-based R6 criterion is proposed to assess their structural integrity. The existing steel CRGs with defects at the weld joint between the upper flange and web plate, are characterized to three-dimensional finite element models with a semi-ellipse surface crack. The R6 criterion has been modified by considering the constraint effect which is represented by T-stress. The analysis results illustrate that working condition of the cracked CRGs leads to high constraint level along the crack front. The crack aspect ratio (a/c) and runway eccentricity…
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  • Mechanical Experimental Study on Tensile Bolted Connections of Crosslaminated Timber
  • Abstract In order to explore a kind of high-strength, earthquake-resistant, economical and suitable connection, 4 groups of cross-laminated timber wall-to-floor and wall-to-wall bolted connections were tested under monotonic and cyclic loading. The deformation characteristics and failure modes of the cross-laminated timber wall-to-floor and wall-to-wall bolted connections were exploited. Load-slip curves, bearing capacity, yielding point, stiffness and ductility of each group of specimens were analyzed. The test results indicate that the loading process of cross-laminated timber bolted connections under tension can be categorized as five stages, namely the elastic stage, the slip stage, the embedding stage, the yielding stage and the ultimate…
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  • Fatigue Performance Analysis and Evaluation for Steel Box Girder Based on Structural Health Monitoring System
  • Abstract Taizhou Yangtze River Bridge as a long-span suspension bridge, the finite element model (FEM) of it is established using the ANSYS Software. The beam4 element is used to simulate the main beam to establish the “spine beam” model of the Taizhou Yangtze River Bridge. The calculated low-order vibration mode frequency of the FEM is in good agreement with the completion test results. The model can simulate the overall dynamic response of the bridge. Based on the vehicle load survey, the Monte Carlo method is applied to simulate the traffic load flow. Then the overall dynamic response analysis of FEM is…
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  • Finite Element Analysis on Vibration Characteristics of an Offshore Floating Breakwater
  • Abstract The construction of seaside facilities is a hot topic in the field of ocean engineering. In this paper, a new type of floating breakwater is designed by 3DCAD geometric modeling. Based on the vibration theory and finite element technology, the floating breakwater model is optimized, and the modal analysis of the structure with the bracket as main body and blades as functional attachments is carried out. Natural frequencies and mode shapes of the blades are first calculated, and the effects of the natural frequencies in both dry and wet conditions are taken into account. Modal analysis and harmonic response analysis…
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  • Kinematic Analysis and Rock Mass Classifications for Rock Slope Failure at USAID Highways
  • Abstract Rock slope kinematic analysis and rock mass classifications has been conducted at the 17th km to 26th km of USAID (United States Agency for International Development) highway in Indonesia. This research aimed to examine the type of rock slope failures and the quality of rock mass as well. The scan-line method was performed in six slopes by using a geological compass to determine rock mass structure on the rock slope, and the condition of joints such as persistence, aperture, roughness, infilling material, weathering and groundwater conditions. Slope kinematic analysis was performed employing a stereographic projection. The rock slope quality and…
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  • Seismic Reliability Assessment of Inelastic SDOF Systems Subjected to Near-Fault Ground Motions Considering Pulse Occurrence
  • Abstract The ground motions in the orientation corresponding to the strongest pulse energy impose more serious demand on structures than that of ordinary ground motions. Moreover, not all near-fault ground motion records present distinct pulses in the velocity time histories. In this paper, the parameterized stochastic model of near-fault ground motion with the strongest energy and pulse occurrence probability is suggested, and the Monte Carlo simulation (MSC) and subset simulation are utilized to calculate the first excursion probability of inelastic single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) systems subjected to these types of near-fault ground motion models, respectively. Firstly, the influences of variation of stochastic pulse…
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  • Fiber Grating-Based Strain Sensor Array for Health Monitoring of Pipelines
  • Abstract Pipelines are one of the most important modern energy transportation methods, used especially for the transportation of certain dangerous energy media materials such as crude oil, natural gas, and chemical raw materials. New requirements have been put forward for the health monitoring and early security warning of pipelines because of the large-scale and complicated development trend of the pipe network system. To achieve an accurate assessment of the health conditions of pipeline infrastructure, obtaining as many precise operating parameters as possible, particularly at some critical parts of the pipeline, is necessary. Therefore, a novel type of fiber grating strain sensor…
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  • Nonlinear Micromechanical Modelling of Transverse Tensile Damage Behavior in Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites
  • Abstract The investigation focusing on the mechanical behaviors at the microstructural level in composite materials can provide valuable insight into the failure mechanisms at larger scales. A micromechanics damage model which comprises the coupling of the matrix constitutive model and the cohesive zone (CZM) model at fiber-matrix interfaces is presented to evaluate the transverse tensile damage behaviors of unidirectional (UD) fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites. For the polymeric matrix that exhibits highly non-linear mechanical responses, special focus is paid on the formulation of the constitutive model, which characterizes a mixture of elasticity, plasticity as well as damage. The proposed constitutive model includes…
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