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Displaying article 2201-2210 on page 221 of 2248. Results per page
  • Simulation of Dynamic Failure Evolution in Brittle Solids without Using Nonlocal Terms in the Strain-Stress Space
  • Abstract To simulate the dynamic failure evolution without using nonlocal terms in the strain-stress space, a damage diffusion equation is formulated with the use of a combined damage/plasticity model that was primarily applied to the case of rock fragmentation. A vectorized model solver is developed for large-scale simulation. Two-dimensional sample problems are considered to illustrate the features of the proposed solution procedure. It appears that the proposed approach is effective in simulating the evolution of localization, with parallel computing, in a single computational domain involving different lower-order governing differential equations.
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  • A Spectral Scheme to Simulate Dynamic Fracture Problems in Composites
  • Abstract This paper presents the formulation and numerical implementation of a spectral scheme specially developed to simulate dynamic fracture events in unidirectional and cross-ply fiber-reinforced composites. The formulation is based on the spectral representation of the transversely isotropic elastodynamic relations between the traction stresses along the fracture plane and the resulting displacements. Example problems involving stationary or dynamically propagating cracks in fiber-reinforced composites are investigated and compared with reference solutions available in the literature and/or experimental observations.
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  • A 3-D Boundary Element Method for Dynamic Analysis of Anisotropic Elastic Solids1
  • Abstract A Boundary Element formulation is presented for the solution of three-dimensional problems of anisotropic elastodynamics. Due to the complexity of the dynamic fundamental solutions for anisotropic materials and the resulting high computational costs, the approach at hand uses the fundamental solution of the static operator. This leads to a domain integral in the representation formula which contains the inertia term. The domain integral can be transformed to the boundary using the Dual Reciprocity Method. This results in a system of ordinary differential equations in time with time-independent matrices. Several general questions concerning the anisotropic solutions, the use of DRM, and…
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  • Crack Linkup by Stable Crack Growth
  • Abstract Experimentally determined Tε* and CTOA resistance curves were used to simulate numerically, stable crack growth and the ensuing crack linkup in 0.8 mm thick 2024-T3 aluminum tension specimen with multiple site damage (MSD) subjected to monotonically/cyclically increasing loading. The Tε* integral correctly predicted the crack growth and linkup history as well as the onset of rapid fracture in MSD specimens. The CTOA criterion also predicted the crack growth history but in its present form, could not predict crack linkup and rapid fracture.
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  • An Integer Programming Method for CPM Time-Cost Analysis
  • Abstract Time and cost to complete a project is an important tradeoff problem in project planning and control. Existing methods have not provided an accepted solution in terms of both accuracy and efficiency. In an attempt to improve the solution process, a method is presented for developing optimal project time-cost curves based on CPM analysis. Using activity succession information, project paths are developed and duration is calculated. Following that, duration is reduced in an optimal way employing integer programming. Two alternative formulations are proposed which lead to corresponding algorithms, a progressive duration reduction and a direct reduction to the desired level.…
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  • Application of Multi-Region Trefftz Method to Elasticity
  • Abstract This paper presents an application of a direct Trefftz method with domain decomposition to the two-dimensional elasticity problem. Trefftz functions are substituted into Betti's reciprocity theorem to derive the boundary integral equations for each subdomain. The values of displacements and tractions on subdomain interfaces are tailored by continuity and equilibrium conditions, respectively. Since Trefftz functions are regular, much less requirements are put on numerical integration than in the traditional boundary integral method. Then, the method can be utilized to analyse also very narrow domains. Linear elements are used for modelling of the boundary geometry and approximation of boundary quantities. Numerical…
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  • Solving Rolling Contact Problems Using Boundary Element Method and Mathematical Programming Algorithms
  • Abstract In this work an approach to the two-dimensional steady-state rolling contact problem, with and without force transmission, is presented. The problem is solved by the combination of the Boundary Element Method with a formulation of the variational inequalities that govern the problem in the contact area, producing finally a mathematical programming problem. This formulation avoids the direct use of the contact constrains, but it drives to the minimisation of a non-differentiable function, being necessary the use of an specific numerical tool as the modified Newton's method.
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  • General Application of Numerical Green's Functions for SIF Computations With Boundary Elements
  • Abstract The paper discusses further applications of the hyper-singular boundary integral equation to obtain the Green's function solution to general geometry fracture mechanics problems, such as curved multifracture crack simulation, static and transient dynamic in 2-D, 3-D and plate bending problems. This numerical Green's function (NGF) is implemented into alternative boundary element computer programs, as the fundamental solution, to enhance the scope of alternative applications of the NGF procedure.
    The results to some typical linear fracture mechanics problems are presented.
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  • BEM / FEM Comparison Studies for the Inelastic Dynamic Analysis of Thick Plates on Elastic Foundation
  • Abstract Boundary and Finite Element methodologies for the determination of the inelastic response of thick plates resting on Winkler-type elastic foundations are compared and critically discussed. For comparison reasons the domain/boundary element and the finite element methodology use isoparametric elements of the same accuracy level. After a discretizaton of the integral equations of motion in both methodologies an efficient step-by-step time integration algorithm is used to solve the resulting matrix equations. Comparison studies are shown for impacted elastoplastic thick plates with smooth boundaries and supported on different Winkler-type foundations. The numerical results reveal that boundary element method appears to be a…
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  • A Numerical Method for Schwarz-Christoffel Conformal Transformation with Application to Potential Flow in Channels with Oblique Sub-channels
  • Abstract The potential flow in a semi-infinite channel with multiple semi-infinite oblique sub-channels is determined using the Schwarz-Christoffel transformation and complex potential theory. The standard iterative technique, i.e. the Newton-Raphson method with the Jacobian matrix approximated by a finite-difference quotient matrix, was employed with an alternative integration region to that found elsewhere in the literature is employed after integrating across the boundaries to determine the Schwarz-Christoffel transformation parameters which solely depend on the dimensions of the region being considered. Each semi-infinte channel permits integration at infinity perpendicularly across the channel and sub-channels, yielding some analytical relationships between these parameters. The remainder…
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