Author's Instruction

MCB: Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics

1556-5297 Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics (printed)

1556-5300 Molecular & Cellular Biomechanics (online)

Manuscripts submitted for publication must be prepared according to the guidelines given below.

Cover Letter
 General Format of Articles
 Figures and Tables
 Equations and Mathematical Expressions
 English Editor Service
 Publication Ethics
 Ethics For Studies Concerning Human Subjects And Animals
 Authorship Qualification
 Editorial and Peer-Review Procedures.

Template in MS Word: Sample.doc.                            


This guideline is  intended to assist authors as they prepare their manuscripts. To avoid  any delay and time-consuming restructuring, we ask and encourage authors  to read the guidelines before writing the manuscript.                                                                                                  

Tech  Science Press publishes review and research articles. All papers must  be written in English, and follow a clear, concise style. Our language  editors may have to check the language and grammar of your submitted  manuscript, and make editorial changes if deemed necessary.                            

The  corresponding author of a manuscript is responsible for submission and  all subsequent correspondences on behalf of all the authors that are  included in the m. All published papers should contain adequate  information and data for readers to replicate the result.                             

1. Cover Letter

A  submitted manuscript must be accompanied by a cover letter. The cover  letter must clearly state that the manuscript is an original work with  its own merit, has not been previously published in whole or in part,  and is not being considered for publication elsewhere. It should also  include statements clearly indicating that all authors have read the  final manuscript, have approved the submission to the journal, and have  accepted full responsibilities pertaining to the manuscript’s delivery  and contents. If there are any ethical, copyright, disclosure issues  that come with the manuscript, please reveal them in the cover letter.  In the cover letter, authors need to declare that there is no conflict  of interests or disclose all the conflicts of interest regarding the  manuscript submitted.

2. Templates

Authors are encouraged to use the Microsoft Word and LaTeX templates (see links above).

3. General Format of Articles

3.1. General Style

  • The paper size is US Letter (8.5″x11″ or 21.59 cmx27.94 cm) All margins — top, bottom, left, and right — are set to 1.5 (3.81 cm).

  • Use  Times New Roman 11-point size for the main body of the paper, single  spacing, except for the heading as outlined in section 3.4.

  • The paper must be in a single column format.

  • Use British English or American English spellings throughout your manuscript, but not both.

  • Do not use page breaks or multiple returns between sections.

  • Do not insert page numbers or line numbers.

  • Use paragraph spacing after 3 pt for the main body of the paper.

3.2. Manuscripts

3.2.1. Title and Author Information

  • The  title of the paper should be in bold, Times New Romans, 14-point, at  the top center of the title page. Use capital letter on each word of the  title.

  • Insert two blank lines (two Returns) before the title.

  • Insert one blank line (one Return) between title and authors

  • Provide full names of all authors and their affiliations. The author line should be centered.

  • Authors should be numbered regard to their affiliations. There should be no space between the author name and the number.

  • Corresponding author should be marked *.

  • Use two blank lines (two Returns) between authors and the Abstract.

3.2.2.  Abstract

  • Abstract of a research paper should be 200-400 words, and 150-300 words for review paper.

  • The abstract should be in one continuous paragraph without reference numbers.

  • All abbreviations should be defined in full unless the abbreviation appears more than once in the abstract.

  • Insert one blank line (one Return) between the Abstract and the Keywords.

3.2.3. Keywords:

  • Three keywords are the minimum. Use a comma to divide each keyword.

  • Each keyword except the first one should be lowercase unless an uppercase letter is necessary.

  • One blank line (one Return) between the Keywords and the main text.

3.4 Headings

In the main body of the paper, three different levels of headings (for sections, subsections, and sub-subsections) may be used.

  • The  section of abstract should not be numbered. Subsequent sections should  be numbered consecutively in Arabic numbers, starting from 1.

  • Level one headings for sections should be in bold, and be flushed to the left, e.g., 1., 2., ….

  • Level  two headings for subsections should be bold-italic, and be flushed to  the left. Level two headings should be numbered after the level one  heading, e.g., 1.1., 1.2.,….

  • Level three headings should be italic; and be flushed to the left, e.g., 1.1.1., 1.1.2.,….

  • Use 12-pound before paragraph distance and 3-pound after paragraph distance.

  • Do not use page breaks or multiple returns between sections.

3.5. Units and Symbols

  • There should be a space between the unit and Arabic number: 5 mm NOT 5mm.

  • Please use Arabic number and relevant unit in the manuscript: 5 kg NOT five kilograms or 5 kilograms or five kg.

  • Do not use hyphen/dash or any connector symbol between the value and its unit: 5 kg NOT 5-kg.

  • Please clarify all units during a calculation or a mathematical relationship: 3 cm5 cm NOT 35 cm, 123 g±2 g or (123±2) g NOT 123±2 g, 70%-85% NOT 70-85%.

  • Greek  letters must be inserted using the correct Greek symbol (using Times,  Helvetica or Symbol font), NOT written in full, i.e., alpha: α; beta: β,  ß, (available in Times and Helvetica); and gamma: γ, etc.

4. Figures and Tables

4.1. Figures

  • Figures should be centered, and should have a figure caption placed underneath.

  • The  size of figures is measured in centimeters and inches. Please prepare  your figures at the size within 17 cm (6.70 in) in width and 20 cm (7.87  in) in height.

  • Figures should be placed in the text soon after the point where they are referenced.

  • Figures should have no frames and borders.

  • In the main text, where reference the figures, use Fig. followed by a space and the figure number, e.g., Fig. 1.

  • The digital format JPEG, PNG, TIFF are acceptable, with >300 dpi resolution.

  • Figures should be in the original version, should not be stretched or distorted.

  • Do not use Photoshop or such software to change the color or appearance of figures.

4.2. Figure Captions and Labels

  • Figures should have relevant captions but should not contain the same information which is already described in the main text.

  • Figure (diagrams and photographs) captions should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numbers.

  • One-line Caption should be centered in the column, e.g., Figure 1. The text caption ….

  • The text caption with more than one line should use justified alignment.

  • The size of labels should be no smaller than 8-point and no larger than the font size of the main text.

  • Figure labels must be sized in proportion to the image, sharp, and legible.

  • Labels  must be saved using standard fonts (Arial, Helvetica or Symbol font)  and should be of the same font and size in all figures in one paper.

  • All labels should be in black, and should not be overlapped, faded, broken or distorted.

  • The first letter of each phrase, NOT each word, must be capitalized.

4.3. Tables

  • Tables should be placed in the text after the point where they are referenced, and should be consistent with the main text.

  • Tables should be centered and should have a title placed above.

  • Tables should be centered and should have a title placed above.

  • One-line table title should be centered and multiple-line title should use justified alignment.

  • Use Times New Roman, font size

  • Titles should be centered in the format “Table 1. The text …”, e.g., Tab. 1.

  • Table notes should be aligned with the left table frame.

  • Where reference the Tables, please use abbreviation “Tab.”. followed by the number, e.g., Tab. 1

Table 1: Table caption










5. Equations and Mathematical Expressions

5.1. In-line style

  • In-line equations/expressions are embedded in paragraphs of the text. For example, .

  • In-line equations/expressions should not be numbered.

  • In-line equations/expressions should be use as same/similar size font as the main text.

5.2. Display style

  • Equations in display format are separated from the paragraphs of text.

  • Equations should be flushed to the left margin of the column.

  • Equations should be editable.

  • Equations should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numbers. See Eq. 1 for an example. The number should be right aligned.


6. Citations

  • The author-year format of the citation must be used for the citations in the main text, e.g., [Atluri (1986)].

  • If the cited reference has two authors, please see the example, [Atluri and Nakagaki (1986)].

  • If the cited reference has three authors, please see the example, [Atluri, Nakagaki and Han (2000)].

  • If  the cited reference has more than three authors Please cite all first 3  authors' last names, and followed by "et al", for example, [Atluri,  Nakagaki, Han et al. (2000)].

  • When  cite more than one reference, separate them with a semicolon, see  [Atluri (1998); Atluri and Nakagaki (1986); Atluri, Nakagaki and Han  (2000); Atluri, Nakagaki, Han et al. (2000)].

  • If  the sentence starts with a reference, insert citation right after it,  for example, “Atluri et al. [Atluri, Nakagaki, Han et al. (2000)] have  found that…”.

  • If multiple works cited by the same author and year, in the text, it should be “[Atluri (1998a)]”, “[Atluri (1998b)]”.

  • No citation to the page number should be used.

  • Citation to the figures should be in section 5.1. Citation to the tables should be in section 5.3.

7. References

  • All references should be listed at the end of the paper, in the reference section.

  • The names of the authors should be in bold, last name(s) first.

  • References should be organized alphabetically by the last names of the first authors.

  • The year inwhichthe paper is published follows the name(s) of the author(s).

  • Use full name of journal cited in reference e.g., Computational Mechanics, use italic font, followed by a comma before the volume, issue and page number.

  • Do not capitalize every letter of the journal’s name.

  • Every  paper in the References section must be cited at least once in the text  of the paper. Every paper cited in the text must also appear in the  References section.

  • Volume, issue and page number should be expressed as “vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 507-517.”.

  • Keep DOI number when you have the data aforementioned.

  • If more than one works are cite from the same authors and the same year, please mark a, b, …. after the publication year.

  • Based  on our particular style, the first six authors will be listed as they  appear. When more than six authors are listed, keep the first six  authors and followed by et al.

  • Et al. should not be italic.

  • Personal communications should be avoided.

  • Non-English references should not be included in the Reference list. The entire manuscript cited must be in English.

Reference examples (References at the end should be listed in alphabetical order):

  • Reference of a book: Author Surname, Author Initial. (Year Published): Title. Publisher, Publisher Location.

  • Reference of a book chapter: Author Surname, Author Initial. (Year Published): Chapter title. Title. Publisher, Publisher Location.

Atluri, S. N. (2004): The Meshless Local Petrov-Galerkin (MLPG) Method. Tech Science Press, USA.

Atluri, S. N. (2004): Chapter one. The Meshless Local Petrov-Galerkin (MLPG) Method. Tech Science Press, USA.

margin:0pt 0pt 3pt 5.06pt; padding-left:13.94pt;

  • Reference of journal article: Author Surname, Author Initial. (Year Published): Title. Journal Full Name, volume number, issue number, page number.

Atluri, S. N.; Han, Z.; Shen, S. (2003):  Meshless Local Patrov-Galerkin (MLPG) approaches for weakly singular  traction & displacement boundary integral equations. Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 507-517.

Atluri, S. N.; Zhu, T. (1998): A new meshless local Petrov-Galerkin (MLPG) approach in computational mechanics. Computational Mechanics, vol. 22, pp. 117-127.

  • Reference of an online source: Author Surname, Author Initial. (Year Published): Title. URL.

Atluri, S. N. (2004): The meshless method (MLPG) for domain & BIE discretizations.

  • Reference of a Thesis: Author Surname, Author Initial. (Year Published): Title (Level). Institution Name.

Darius, H. (2014): Savant Syndrome-Theories and Empirical Findings (Ph.D. Thesis). University of Turku, Finland.

8. Disclosures

All  affiliations or financial involvement (e.g., employment, consultancies,  honoraria, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, grants or  patents received or pending, royalties) with any organization or entity  with a financial interest in, or in financial competition with, the  subject matter or materials discussed in the manuscript must be  completely disclosed in the letter of submission. All financial and  material support for the research and work must be clearly identified in  the manuscript including listing of support specified in the letter of  submission that might constitute or give the appearance of influencing  the findings.

9. Proofs

Authors  must check their manuscript carefully when answering queries at the  copyediting and proof stage. Manuscripts can no longer be corrected  after publication.

10. English Editor Service

Clear  and concise language enables both the journal editors and reviewers to  concentrate on the scientific content of your manuscript. In order to  facilitate a proper peer review process and ensure that submissions are  judged exclusively on academic merit, Tech Science Press strongly  encourages authors to prepare the language of their manuscripts with the  utmost care.

If  you are an author whose native language is not English—or you have any  concerns regarding the language quality of your manuscript—we recommend  having your manuscript professionally edited by a qualified  English-speaking researcher in your field prior to submission.Tech Science Press has partnered with LetPub as an option to provide this service at a 5% discount to all our authors.

Please use the following Coupon Code to receive the special 5% discount when you check out with LetPub: TSP5D    


11. Publication ethics

All TSP journals are peer-review journals. The publication ethics and publication malpractice statement regulates ethical behavior based on COPE´s Best Practice Guidelines and is supplemented by instructions to authors.

11.1 Duties of Authors

11.1.1 Duplicate manuscript submission

All  manuscripts submitted to TSP journals must be original. Upon submission  of a manuscript, please assume that no manuscript with a high rate of  similarity has been or will be submitted to other journals for  publication. It is considered unethical to submit an identical  manuscript to more than one journal at the same time. Multiple  submissions of the same article can damage the standing of journals.  Duplicate publications or redundant publications (re-packaging in  different words of data already published by the same authors) will be  rejected.

11.1.2 Plagiarism and other fraud

It  is the responsibility of the authors to ensure the originality of their  work. Upon submission, all manuscripts are meticulously evaluated for  similarity to avoid plagiarism. Concerning the submitted figures, images  are routinely examined for the presence of duplicated, or anomalous  data. Authors should retain their unprocessed data and source files, as  the editor may request them to aid in the process of evaluation. Authors  should note that, if the unprocessed data are unavailable, this may  lead to a delay in manuscript evaluation until the authors resolve the  issue. The editor reserve the right to suspect that a manuscript is  plagiarized or fraudulent, and to raise their concerns to the authors'  sponsoring institution and any other relevant bodies.

11.1.3 Misconduct

If  misconduct by authors or reviewers is suspected, either pre- or  post-publication action will be taken. In cases where misconduct, or  otherwise unethical behavior on the part of the authors is suspected  after a paper is published (even years after the paper has been  published), a preliminary investigation will be conducted, following the  guidance offered in the flowcharts of the Committee on Publication  Ethics (COPE) (  Proper actions will be taken (including removal of the published paper  from TSP online system) if the conclusion of the investigation warrants  it.

11.1.4 Author conflict of interest

TSP requires the authors must declare whether there are any conflicts of interest with regard to the publication of a study.Any  possible conflict of interest must be declared, as they may affect the  integrity or reliability of the science and professional judgement in the study, as well as that of otherwise unassociated studies in the same journal.

Conflict  of interest statements for public funding sources, including government  agencies, charitable or academic institutions, need not be included.

11.2 Reviewers’ responsibilities

To  contribute to the orderly running and reputation of the journal as well  as its quality-driven mission by reviewing the manuscript objectively  and in a timely manner.

To maintain the confidentiality of any information supplied by the editor or author; and not retain or copy the manuscript. Reviewers  should not use or disseminate unpublished information, arguments, or  interpretations contained in an unpublished manuscript, except with the  consent of the author.

To support the judgment adequately so that editors and authors may understand the basis of their comments.

To  be aware (to the best of one’s ability) of any potential conflicts of  interest (financial, institutional, collaborative or other relationships  between the reviewer and author) and to alert the editor to these, if  necessary withdrawing their services for that manuscript.

If  reviewers become aware of scientific misconduct, fraud, plagiarism or  any other unethical behavior related to the manuscript, they should  bring those concerns to the Associate Editor or Editor-in-Chief  immediately.

11.3 Duties of Editors

11.3.1 Decision on the Publication of Articles.

The  editors are responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to  the journal should be published. The editors may be guided by the  policies of the journal's editorial board subjected to such legal  requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The  editors may consult with reviewers in making this decision.

11.3.2 Fair Play.

Manuscripts shall be evaluated solely on their intellectual merit.

11.3.3 Confidentiality.

The  editors and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about  a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author,  reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the  publisher.

11.3.4 Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest.

Unpublished  materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used by  anyone who has a view of the manuscript while handling it in his or her  own research without the express written consent of the author.

12. Ethics For Studies Concerning Human Subjects And Animals

Manuscripts  reporting on research that involve human participants, identifiable  human data or human tissue must declare a statement on ethics approval  and consent (even where the need for approval was waived), as well as  the name of the ethics committee that approved the study and the  committee’s reference number if appropriate. Similarly, studies  involving animals must include a statement on ethics approval. If a study was granted an exemption from requiring ethics approval, this  should also be detailed in the manuscript (including the name of the  ethics committee that granted the exemption). Further information and  documentation to support this should be made available to the Editor on  request. Please note that manuscripts may be rejected if the Editor  considers that the research has not been carried out within an  appropriate ethical framework. If a study was not granted ethics  committee approval prior to commencing, retrospective ethics approval  usually cannot be obtained and it may not be possible to consider the  manuscript for peer review. The decision on whether to proceed to peer  review in such cases is at the Editor's discretion. A written informed consent for publication must be obtained from  participating patients who can be identified (including by the patients  themselves). Patients’ initials or other personal identifiers must not  appear in an image. For manuscripts that include any case details,  personal information, and/or images of patients, authors must obtain  signed informed consent from patients (or their relatives/guardians)  before submitting to a TSP journal. Patient details must be anonymized  as far as possible, e.g., do not mention specific age, ethnicity, or  occupation where they are not relevant to the conclusions.

13. Qualification for Authorship

Each  author is anticipated to have made substantial contributions to the  concept of the work; acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data;  and writing or revising the manuscript. Besides, all authors must have  approved the submitted version (and any radically modified version that  involves the author's contribution to the study). Also, all authors must  agree to be personally culpable for the author's contributions and for  guaranteeing that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any  part of the work, even those in which the author was not personally  involved, are appropriately examined, concluded, and documented in the  article. Note that acquisition of funding, a collection of data, or  general supervision of the research group do not, by themselves, justify  authorship. Those who contributed to the work but do not qualify for  authorship should be listed in the acknowledgments.

14. Copyright information

All  articles published by TSP are licensed under an open access Creative  Commons CC BY 4.0 license (e  (, the copyright, other  proprietary rights related to the work shall be retained by the authors.  To reproduce any text, figures, tables, or illustrations from this work  in future works of their own, the original published version must be cited.

If  authors have specific condition that does cause exceptional  circumstances, please mention this to the editorial office of the  journal at submission. Exceptions will be granted at the discretion of  the publisher.

14.1 Permission for authors

The authors are free to reuse their published articles for non-commercial purposes.

When using for commercial purposes, the authors should obtain permission and a fee may apply.

14.2 Permission for the third parties

Any third parties are free to reuse, change and build upon the work for non-commercial purposes.

A proper acknowledged and citation is required for such permission.

A fee may apply if a third party wants to reproduce a work for commercial purposes.

14.3 Publishing Policy

The most important criterion for acceptance is the originality of the work.

A decision to accept a manuscript is not based solely on the scientific validity of its content.

Other factors may affect decisions, such as the extent and importance of the paper.

15. Editorial Procedures and Peer-Review

15.1 Initial Checks

Before  any submitted manuscript is sent for peer-review, it will be  initial-checked by a managing editor to decide whether a) it is  correctly formatted/prepared; b) it followed the ethical policies of the  journal; c) it fits the scope of the journal and, d) whether it is  scientifically sound to enter peer review for further consideration.  Manuscripts that do not pass the initial check will be rejected without  peer-review. Manuscripts that are inadequately prepared will be returned  to the authors for revision and resubmission. After the initial check,  the managing editor will assign the qualified manuscripts to journals'  Editor-in-Chief (EIC), Associate Editor (AE), Guest Editor (GE) or an  Editorial Board Member (EB) for peer-review. No judgment on the  significance or potential impact of the work will be made at the initial  check stage. Reject decisions at this stage will be verified by an  Editor-in-Chief.

15.2 Peer-Review

All  manuscripts submitted for consideration to publish in our journals are  required to go through a strict and thorough peer-review procedure  (includes invited papers). The final decision is made by an  Editor-in-Chief (Decisions made by Guest Editor for special issues will  be finally approved by Editor-in-Chief).

Minimum  of two independent experts will be required to complete peer-review. A  single-blind review is applied, where the identities of authors are  acknowledged by reviewers. Peer review comments are confidential and  will only be disclosed with the express agreement of the reviewer.

Potential  reviewers suggested by the authors may be considered. Reviewers must  have no conflict of interest or published with any of the co-authors  during the past five years and should not currently work or collaborate  with any of the institutions of the co-authors of the submitted  manuscript.

15.3 Peer-Review Process

15.4 Editorial Decision and Revision

All  the original articles, reviews and other types of papers published in  TSP journals perform the peer-review process. A decision is based on  minimum of two review comments. The decision will be one of the  following:


The paper is in principle accepted based on the reviewer’s comments. A  decision to accept a manuscript is not based solely on the scientific  validity of its content. Other factors may affect decisions, such as the  extent and importance of the paper.

Minor revision

The paper needs minor revision based on the reviewer’s comments. Authors  are given five days for minor revisions. The author needs to provide a  point by point response or provide a rebuttal letter according to the  comments.

Major revision     

    The  acceptance of the manuscript would depend on the revisions. The author  needs to provide a point by point response or provide a rebuttal  according to the comments. The revised version will be returned to the  reviewer for further comments. Authors are normally given 30 days to  submit their revisions.

 Reject  

The  article has serious flaws, and/or makes no original significant  contribution. Authors may be allowed to resubmit their manuscript as a  new paper, if the merit of the paper warrants that. In that case, all  reviewer comments should be responded to in a point-by-point fashion. A  clean file and a file with track-changes should be provided in the  re-submission.

15.5 Post-publication discussions and corrections

TSP  allows debates post publications or after rejections. Authors may  appeal a rejection or request a post-publication revision by sending an  e-mail to the Editorial Office of the journal. Upon each appeal or  request, the author must provide a detailed justification or  description, including point-by-point responses to the reviewers' and/or  Editor's comments. The Managing Editor of the journal will forward the  manuscript and related information (including the identities of the  referees) to the Editor-in-Chief, or responsible Editor (Guest Editor  for Special issue). The Editor will give an final decision. Any decision at this stage is final and cannot be reversed.