Vol.8, No.3, 2020, pp.275-287, doi:10.32604/jrm.2020.08861
OPEN ACCESS
RESEARCH ARTICLE
Rice Husk Bio-Chars as Adsorbent for Methylene Blue and Ethinylestradiol from Water
  • Jonathan Lacuesta1,*, Iris Beatriz Vega Erramuspe2, Liji Sobhana2, Dennis Kronlund3, Jouko Peltonen3, Soledad Gutiérrez1, Pedro Fardim2,4
1 Department of Chemical Engineering, University of the Republic, Julio Herrera y Reissig 565, Montevideo, 11300, Uruguay
2 Laboratory of Fibre and Cellulose Technology, Åbo Akademi University, Porthansgatan 3, Turku/Åbo, FI-20500, Finland
3 Laboratory of Physical Chemistry and Center of Excellence for Functional Materials, Åbo Akademi University, Porthansgatan 3, Turku/Åbo, FI-20500, Finland
4 Department of Chemical Engineering, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200F, Leuven, B-3001, Belgium
* Corresponding Author: Jonathan Lacuesta. Email: jlacuesta@fing.edu.uy
Received 18 October 2019; Accepted 10 January 2020; Issue published 01 March 2020
Abstract
Biobased adsorbents are eco-friendly materials used for water and wastewater treatment and air cleaning. This research work explores the potential use of rice husk chars as a low-cost adsorbent for pollutants from water, such as methylene blue and ethinylestradiol. Rice husk chars are prepared by combustion of rice husks (RH-Char) or pre-treated rice husks (PT-Char). A third char (M-Char) supplied by a local company which uses rice husks as combustion material is also studied. The chars are characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) in conjunction with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), and zeta-potential measurements. The three bio-chars are tested as adsorbent for the removal of two wastewater contaminants: methylene blue (MB) and ethinylestradiol (EE2). According to the results, RH-Char and PT-Char present zeta-potential values near −52 mV, whereas M-Char shows a zeta-potential value of −32 mV. Both RH-Char and PTChar are rich in amorphous SiO2 and M-Char has crystalline SiO2 (cristobalite). The bio-chars remove MB and EE2 efficiently showing the following results for the adsorption capacity of MB (in μmol g−1 ): 769.2 (RH-Char), 41.2 (PT-Char), and 31.7 (M-Char). The adsorption capacity values for EE2 (in μmol g−1 ) are: 33.1 (RH-Char), 19.1 (PT-Char), and 16.9 (M-Char). The information gathered in the present work evidences the potential of rice husks bio-chars for bio-remediation and may in future contribute to the conversion of a side-stream from the rice industry into value-added materials.
Keywords
Rice husk; bio-char; thermal treatment; adsorption; methylene blue; ethinylestradiol
Cite This Article
Lacuesta, J., Beatriz, I., Sobhana, L., Kronlund, D., Peltonen, J., et al. (2020). Rice Husk Bio-Chars as Adsorbent for Methylene Blue and Ethinylestradiol from Water. Journal of Renewable Materials, 8(3), 275–287.