Vol.8, No.3, 2020, pp.301-317, doi:10.32604/jrm.2020.08141
OPEN ACCESS
RESEARCH ARTICLE
Synergistic Effect of Halloyosite Nanotube and Nanocellulose on Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Poly (Ethylmethacrylate-co-Acrylonitrile) Bionanocomposites
  • Karima Ben Hamou1,2,*, Amal Kadimi1, Remo Merijs Meri3, Sergei Gaidukov3, Hamid Kaddami1, Mustapha Raihane1, Mouhamed Lahcini1, Fouad Erchiqui2
1 Laboratory of Organometallic and Macromolecular Chemistry - Composites Materials, Faculty of Sciences and Technology of Marrakech, Cadi Ayyad University, Guéliz, Av. A. El Khattabi, Marrakech, BP 618, Morocco
2 Engineering School, University of Québec in Abitibi-Témiscamingue, 445 Boulevard de l'Université, Rouyn-Noranda, J9X 5E4, Québec, Canada
3 Institute of Polymer Materials, Riga Technical University, Kaļķu iela 1, Centra rajons, Rīga, LV-1658, Latvia
* Corresponding Author: Karima Ben Hamou. Email: Karima.BenHamou@uqat.ca
(This article belongs to this Special Issue: Recent Developments on Biobased Materials and Composites)
Received 31 July 2019; Accepted 19 September 2019; Issue published 01 March 2020
Abstract
This work reports a comprehensive study on poly (Ethylmethacrylateco-Acrylonitrile) Poly(EMA-AN) nanocomposites reinforced with a hybrid mixture of nanoreiforcements based on nanocrystals of cellulose (NCC) (1 or 5% wt) and halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) (1 or 5% wt). The morphology, thermal and mechanical properties of these nanocomposites were characterized. Homogeneous dispersion of the nanofillers has been shown by scanning electron microscopy. A significant increase of the rubbery modulus and glass transition temperature were obtained upon filler addition, due to the reduction of mobility of the matrix macromolecular chains. On the other hand, compared with the neat Poly(EMAAN), the storage modulus of the nanocomposites increased by a factor 38 when adding 5 wt% NCC and by 17 for the same concentration of HNTs. mechanical properties of ternary nanocomposites were furthers increased resulting from a synergistic effect of these two nanofillers.
Keywords
Poly(Ethylmethacrylate-co-Acrylonitrile); nanocrystals cellulose; halloysite nanotubes; nanocomposites; hybrid; mechanical properties
Cite This Article
Hamou, K. B., Kadimi, A., Meri, R. M., Gaidukov, S., Kaddami, H., et al. (2020). Synergistic Effect of Halloyosite Nanotube and Nanocellulose on Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Poly (Ethylmethacrylate-co-Acrylonitrile) Bionanocomposites. Journal of Renewable Materials, 8(3), 301–317.