Vol.6, No.1, 2018, pp.68-74, doi:10.7569/JRM.2017.634150
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
Lightweight Biobased Polyurethane Nanocomposite Foams Reinforced with Pineapple Leaf Nanofibers (PLNFs)
  • Xiaojian Zhou1,2, Hui Wang1, Jun Zhang2, Zhifeng Zheng1, Guanben Du1,2,*
Yunnan Provincial Key Laboratory of Wood Adhesives and Glued Products, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming, 650224, China
Sino-French Laboratory of Wood Composites and Biomaterials, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224, China
*Corresponding author: guanben@swfu.edu.cn
Abstract
Pineapple leaf nanofibers (PLNFs) extracted from pineapple leaf fiber were used for reinforcing biobased polyurethane foam (BPU). The dispersion performance of PLNF in the foaming mixture system, nanocomposite foaming behavior, cell morphology, cell size, density, compressive strength and dimensional stability were investigated. The viscosity of the mixtures increased with increasing the PLNF content. The addition of a tiny amount of PLNF did not influence the exothermic temperature of the foam system, but reduced the expansion and gel time of the nanocomposite foams. This reduced time was found to increase the production efficiency. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images showed that the PLNF neither affected the cell shape nor size. While the density of the foam was not obviously altered with the addition of a small amount of PLNF, the compressive strength and dimensional stability were significantly improved.
Keywords
Polyurethane foam, palm oil polyol, pineapple leaf nanofibers, physical properties.
Cite This Article
Zhou, X., Wang, H., Zhang, J., Zheng, Z., Du, G. (2018). Lightweight Biobased Polyurethane Nanocomposite Foams Reinforced with Pineapple Leaf Nanofibers (PLNFs). Journal of Renewable Materials, 6(1), 68–74.