Vol.6, No.1, 2018, pp.75-86, doi:10.7569/JRM.2017.634152
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
The Role of Bamboo Nanoparticles in Kenaf Fiber Reinforced Unsaturated Polyester Composites
  • Enih Rosamah1, Abdul Khalil H.P.S.2*, S.W. Yap2, Chaturbhuj K. Saurabh2, Paridah M. Tahir3, Rudi Dungani4, Abdulwahab F. Owolabi2
Faculty of Forestry, Mulawarman University, Campus Gunung Kelua, Samarinda 75119, East Kalimantan, Indonesia
School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia
Laboratory of Biocomposite Technology, Institute of Tropical Forestry & Forest Products, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Malaysia
School of Life Sciences and Technology, Gandung Labtex XI, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
*Corresponding author: akhalilhps@gmail.com
Abstract
In this study, bamboo nanoparticles in concentration ranges from 0–5% were incorporated along with woven/nonwoven kenaf fiber mat into unsaturated polyester and the developed composites were further characterized. Bamboo chips were subjected to ball milling process for the synthesis of nanoparticles with a particle size of 52.92 nm. The effect that the incorporation of nanoparticles had on various properties of reinforced composites was further observed. Due to the high surface area of nanoparticles, incorporation of 3% of nanofillers contributed towards strong bonding and better wettability with matrix, thus resulting in excellent mechanical properties and thermal characteristics in reinforced unsaturated polyester composites. Furthermore, mechanical characteristics of reinforced composites were deteriorated by the addition of a higher percentage of nanoparticles (>3%) due to agglomeration, as confirmed by scanning electron microscopy. Moreover, ordered structural arrangement of woven kenaf textile fiber showed enhancement in interfacial adhesion and promoted superior mechanical strength in reinforced composites as compared with nonwoven composites.
Keywords
Bamboo nanoparticles, kenaf fiber, reinforced composites, fatigue life, mechanical properties, thermal properties
Cite This Article
Rosamah, E., H.P.S., A. K., Yap, S., Saurabh, C. K., Tahir, P. M. et al. (2018). The Role of Bamboo Nanoparticles in Kenaf Fiber Reinforced Unsaturated Polyester Composites. Journal of Renewable Materials, 6(1), 75–86.