Vol.6, No.1, 2018, pp.55-67, doi:10.7569/JRM.2017.634141
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
Application of Prunus amygdalus By-products in Eco-friendly Dyeing of Textile Fabrics
  • Ibtissem Moussa1, Noureddine Baaka1, Ramzi Khiari1,2,3*, Ali Moussa4, Gérard Mortha3, Mohamed Farouk Mhenni1
University of Monastir, Faculty of Sciences, UR13ES63-Research Unity of Applied Chemistry & Environment, 5000 Monastir, Tunisia
Higher Institute of Technological Studies of Ksar Hellal, Department of Textiles, Rue Hadj Ali Soua - B.P. n° 68 - 5070 Ksar Hellal, Tunisia
Institute of Engineering, University of Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Grenoble INP, LGP2, F-38000 Grenoble, France
National Engineering School of Monastir, 5019 Monastir, Tunisia
*Corresponding author: khiari_ramzi2000@yahoo.fr
Abstract
Natural dyes have become an interesting subject of study because of their better ecological properties in comparison to their synthetic counterparts. This article concerns the dyeing of wool, silk, and polyamide fabrics with natural dyes extracted from almond shells and stems. The developed method of dyeing by these extracts is interesting and very attractive for several reasons: firstly, the extracts used are the black liquor discharged from the industries of delignification, which is a chemical process for removing lignin from agricultural wastes to produce a cellulosic fiber; (ii) these natural dyes are renewable and available in large quantities; (iii) this method is economical; and (iv) lastly, the dyeing performances of the obtained dyed textiles are very promising. The color of each dyed material was investigated in terms of the CIELAB coordinates and their fastness properties measured by washing, rubbing, and light.
Keywords
Almond shell, almond stem, fastness properties, natural dyes, residual lignin
Cite This Article
Moussa, I., Baaka, N., Khiari, R., Moussa, A., Mortha, G. et al. (2018). Application of Prunus amygdalus By-products in Eco-friendly Dyeing of Textile Fabrics. Journal of Renewable Materials, 6(1), 55–67.