Vol.6, No.1, 2018, pp.38-46, doi:10.7569/JRM.2017.634148
OPEN ACCESS
ARTICLE
Effect of Hybridization on the Mechanical Properties of Pineapple Leaf Fiber/Kenaf Phenolic Hybrid Composites
  • M. Asim1, M. Jawaid1,4*, K. Abdan2, M.R. Ishak3, O.Y. Alothman4,5
Laboratory of Biocomposite Technology, Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP), Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Department of Aerospace Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Deanship of Graduate Studies, Saudi Electronic University, Riyadh 11673, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding author: jawaid_md@yahoo.co.in
Abstract
In this study, pineapple leaf fiber (PALF), kenaf fiber (KF) and PALF/KF/phenolic (PF) composites were fabricated and their mechanical properties were investigated. The mechanical properties (tensile, flexural and impact) of the PALF/KF/PF hybrid composites were investigated and compared with PALF/KF composites. The 3P7K exhibited enhanced tensile strength (46.96 MPa) and modulus (6.84 GPa), flexural strength (84.21 MPa) and modulus (5.81 GPa), and impact strength (5.39 kJ/m2) when compared with the PALF/PF and KF/PF composites. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to observe the fracture surfaces of the tensile testing samples. The microstructure of the 7P3K hybrid composite showed good interfacial bonding and the addition of KF improved the interfacial strength. It has been concluded that the 3P7K ratio allowed obtaining materials with better mechanical properties (tensile, flexural and impact strengths) than PALF/PF and KF/PF composites. The results obtained in this study will be used for further comparative study of untreated hybrid composites with treated hybrid composites.
Keywords
Pineapple leaf fiber, kenaf fiber, phenolic resin, hybrid composites, mechanical properties
Cite This Article
Asim, M., Jawaid, M., Abdan, K., Ishak, M., Alothman, O. (2018). Effect of Hybridization on the Mechanical Properties of Pineapple Leaf Fiber/Kenaf Phenolic Hybrid Composites. Journal of Renewable Materials, 6(1), 38–46.