An H-Adaptive Finite Element Method for Turbulent Heat Transfer
David B. Carrington; Xiuling Wang; and Darrell W. Pepper;

Source CMES: Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol. 61, No. 1, pp. 23-44, 2010
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Abstract A two-equation turbulence closure model (k-w) using an h-adaptive grid technique and finite element method (FEM) has been developed to simulate low Mach flow and heat transfer. These flows are applicable to many flows in engineering and environmental sciences. Of particular interest in the engineering modeling areas are: combustion, solidification, and heat exchanger design. Flows for indoor air quality modeling and atmospheric pollution transport are typical types of environmental flows modeled with this method. The numerical method is based on a hybrid finite element model using an equal-order projection process. The model includes thermal and species transport, localized mesh refinement (h-adaptive) and Petrov-Galerkin weighting for stabilizing advection.
This work develops the continuum model of a two-equation turbulence closure method. The fractional step solution method is stated along with the h-adaptive grid method (Carrington and Pepper, 2002). Solutions are presented for 2d flow over a backward-facing step.
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