Accurate MLPG Solution of 3D Potential Problems
Giorgio Pini; Annamaria Mazzia; and Flavio Sartoretto

doi:10.3970/cmes.2008.036.043
Source CMES: Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol. 36, No. 1, pp. 43-64, 2008
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Keywords Meshless Methods, Poisson Problem, Moving Least Squares, Radial Basis Functions
Abstract Meshless methods have been explored in many 2D problems and they have been shown to be as accurate as Finite Element Methods (FEM). Compared to the extensive literature on 2D applications, papers on solving 3D problems by meshless methods are surprisingly few. Indeed, a main drawback of these methods is the requirement for accurate cubature rules. This paper focuses on the so called Meshless Local Petrov Galerkin (MLPG) methods. We show that accurate solutions of 3D potential problems can be attained, provided suitable cubature rules are identified, sparse data structures are efficiently stored, and strategies are devised in order to speed up the computation flow, by avoiding unnecessary integral evaluations. The ensuing MLPG linear systems result to be well conditioned, positive definite ones. Their conditioning does not increase much when the mesh size decreases. We show that cubature errors can lower MLPG convergence speed.
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