Design and Fabrication of an Electrostatic Variable Gap Comb Drive in Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems
Wenjing Ye, Subrata Mukherjee

doi:10.3970/cmes.2000.001.111
Source CMES: Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 111-120, 2000
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Keywords optimal design, boundary element method, micro-electro-mechanical systems, comb drive
Abstract Polynomial driving-force comb drives are designed using numerical simulation. The electrode shapes are obtained using the indirect boundary element method. Variable gap comb drives that produce combinations of linear, quadratic, and cubic driving-force profiles are synthesized. This inverse problem is solved by an optimization procedure. Sensitivity analysis is carried out by the direct differentiation approach (DDA) in order to compute design sensitivity coefficients (DSCs) of force profiles with respect to parameters that define the shapes of the fingers of a comb drive. The DSCs are then used to drive iterative optimization procedures. Designs of variable gap comb drives with linear, quadratic and cubic driving force profiles are presented in this paper. Based on these designs, a comb drive which produces cubic polynomial driving force has been fabricated using the SCREAM I process. Test results show reasonable agreement between numerical simulations and experiments.
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