Resonant Magnetoelectric Effect with Strongly Nonlinear Magneto-Elastic Coupling in Magnetoelectric Laminate Composites
Ying Xiao; Hao-Miao Zhou; ,; Xiao-Wei Ou; Chao Li

doi:10.3970/cmc.2012.027.001
Source CMC: Computers, Materials & Continua, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp. 1-22, 2012
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Keywords Equivalent circuit method, Nonlinear constitutive model, Magnetoelectric laminate composites, Magneto-elastic coupling effect, Resonant magnetoelectric effect
Abstract Considering the complex strongly nonlinear coupling characteristic of the magnetostrictive strain and magnetization under the excitation of the bias magnetic field and the pre-stress in the giant magnetostrictive material, this paper adopts the nonlinear magnetostrictive constitutive model and the equivalent circuit method to establish a strongly nonlinear resonant magnetoelectric (ME) effect theoretical model for the ME laminate composites compounding by the giant magnetostrictive material and the piezoelectric material. For the L-T mode magnetostrictive/piezoelectric/magnetostrictive (MPM) ME laminate, the predicted results coincide well with the experiment results of the resonant frequency and the resonant ME field coefficient varying with the external magnetic field when the pre-stress degenerates to zero in our model. The agreement indicates the proposed theoretical model validity. On the basis, we use the theoretical model to forecast the varying characteristic of the resonant ME field coefficient and the resonant frequency effect under the influence of the different bias magnetic field and the pre-stress in ME laminate composites. And we also predict that the resonant ME coefficient and the resonant frequency appear "reversal" with the pre-stress increasing. After that, the influence of the different volume ratio on the ME effect and resonant frequency is analyzed. Particularly, a resonant frequency value not influenced by the volume ratio with increasing bias magnetic or pre-stress occurs. This research can provide theory basis for improving the resonant ME conversion performance and for controlling the resonant frequency under the excitation of the bias conditions (i.e. the bias magnetic field and the pre-stress) for the ME devices (i.e. sensor, transducer, microwave device and so on).
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