Vol.64, No.3, 2020, pp.1691-1704, doi:10.32604/cmc.2020.010256
Embedding Implicit User Importance for Group Recommendation
  • Qing Yang1, Shengjie Zhou1, Heyong Li1, Jingwei Zhang2, 3, *
1 Guangxi Key Laboratory of Automatic Measurement Technology and Instrument, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin, 541004, China.
2 Guangxi Key Laboratory of Trusted Software, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin, 541004, China.
3 Centre for Applied Informatics, Victoria University, Melbourne, 8001, Australia.
* Corresponding Author: Jingwei Zhang. Email: gtzjw@hotmail.com.
Received 20 February 2020; Accepted 26 April 2020; Issue published 30 June 2020
Group recommendations derive from a phenomenon in which people tend to participate in activities together regardless of whether they are online or in reality, which creates real scenarios and promotes the development of group recommendation systems. Different from traditional personalized recommendation methods, which are concerned only with the accuracy of recommendations for individuals, group recommendation is expected to balance the needs of multiple users. Building a proper model for a group of users to improve the quality of a recommended list and to achieve a better recommendation has become a large challenge for group recommendation applications. Existing studies often focus on explicit user characteristics, such as gender, occupation, and social status, to analyze the importance of users for modeling group preferences. However, it is usually difficult to obtain extra user information, especially for ad hoc groups. To this end, we design a novel entropy-based method that extracts users’ implicit characteristics from users’ historical ratings to obtain the weights of group members. These weights represent user importance so that we can obtain group preferences according to user weights and then model the group decision process to make a recommendation. We evaluate our method for the two metrics of recommendation relevance and overall ratings of recommended items. We compare our method to baselines, and experimental results show that our method achieves a significant improvement in group recommendation performance.
Group recommendation, preference aggregation, user importance.
Cite This Article
Yang, Q., Zhou, S., Li, H., Zhang, J. (2020). Embedding Implicit User Importance for Group Recommendation. CMC-Computers, Materials & Continua, 64(3), 1691–1704.